A year after the Communists rejected Nixon’s Five-Point Peace Plan for Southeast Asia and Matt Damon’s birth, Brian C. Saunders was born to redress the balance. Regrettably, the infant failed to stop either the Vietnam conflict or Matt Damon’s career. For his sins, he was punished with enrolment in US public education and, addled with lack of knowledge, went on to public university for good measure. During this time, he filled his hours with drugs, alcohol and sex with women comic books!, which filled his days with a warm and happy glow. Many careers later, he writes for the public good, using facts and avoiding social media for information or human interaction. You who read this are welcome.
Natalia Alianovna “Natasha” Romanov, aka the Black Widow, was at a bit of a crossroads in 1990. That’s when she unexpectedly appeared in one of the most popular issues of the Uncanny X-Men, #268, written by Chris Claremont and illustrated by Jim Lee.
At the time, for anyone who had been reading comics for over five years, it would have come as no surprise to see the late 20’s Black Widow turning out to have known Wolverine since her childhood since by that stage, the trope of Wolverine already knowing everyone who turned up in his path had become an entrenched part of the character.
Readers would sadly never find out, since while the September 1990 dated issue of Uncanny X-Men #268 raises the question, it never provides an answer, and Claremont is booted off the title before having an opportunity to follow the story up at a later date.
“Madripoor Knights” is very much a Wolverine story. It is early in Captain America’s career, in “Late-Summer 1941” that he engages ninjas (genin field agents) of the Hand on the streets of Madripoor to rescue Ivan Petrovich.
Both men are hard pressed to overcome the tide of battle against them, when Logan (the character we are to know as Wolverine) appears, turning the tide in Cap and Ivan’s favour. After the fight, Logan takes the two men to a local establishment, Seraph’s Bar, where Logan and Cap are briefed by Ivan on his mission and Logan narrowly avoids causing a bar fight with Baron von Strucker and his Nazi aide.
Natasha Romanov has been captured by Strucker to be delivered to the Hand. The Hand has identified her as gifted with extraordinary aptitude for the martial arts, and means to begin her indoctrination into their organisation.
The men rescue Natasha but lose Logan, and instead of returning to the bar they go to the local American Consul, who, turning out to be a fascist loyal to the Nazis, promptly delivers them back to Strucker and the Hand. Only Logan’s return to the conflict halts the ritual death of Ivan and Cap by a blade wielded by the Hand-entranced Natasha. Freed to act, together the three men defeat Strucker and the Hand, and Logan sees to the safe return of all involved to their respective countries.
In the present of the story, Natasha, as the Black Widow, is surveilling the sibling group Fenris: Andrea and Andreas von Strucker, mutant children of the abovementioned Baron. She falls prey to Hand field agents under the command of the evil organisation’s new jonin, Matsuo Tsurayaba, but is rescued by Wolverine, Jubilee and Psylocke who are on the run and searching for the missing X-Men. Upon her recovery, Natasha hugs her “Little Uncle”, Logan, and expresses concern at his debilitated state. After briefing them, Logan and Natasha draw comparisons with their previous encounter almost 50 years ago to a dismayed Jubilee’s shock.
Natasha and the X-Men find an informant who gives up a meet location for Fenris and Matsuo. The location turns out to be a sham with decoys, and the villains themselves drink a toast to their victory from a safe, alternative location.
To understand this curious story requires a little history of Marvel itself. Established in 1961, the Marvel Universe was born piecemeal from characters created in the late 1930’s and 40’s such as Captain America. Steve Rogers was created in fact early in the year of 1941, a year partially known for fighting in Europe and sabre-rattling from the Pacific. Nazi political interference with Jews in Germany had by this point become rumors of Ghettos and disappearing of Jewish citizens under German political influence. These rumors of later proven fact became the impetus that Captain America was created out of, and Marvel had a patriotic Nazi fighter all ready when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7th, 1941.
Captain America would go on to return again and again after the war in Marvel’s publishing history, but it was only in Avengers #4 in 1963 that Steve Rogers would return to ongoing publication. Not long after, 1964 to be precise, the Black Widow was created. She was a secret agent for the USSR who bedeviled Iron Man…
At this time, some background started to be established for the Black Widow. She acquired a chauffeur who apparently had a long standing relationship with Natasha and he rescued her from her bombed house in Stalingrad during WWII.
Then, in Daredevil #102, Chris Claremont went on to establish two things about the Black Widow. Her middle name was Alianovna. Russian middle names are patronyms which means the name is a version of their father’s first name. So Natasha’s father is named Alian Romanoff.
But by 1990, Madame Romanoff would have been well over 50 years the age that she was depicted in 1990. In 1964, this would have not been a problem. In 1990, though, she was still a clearly young woman and always had been.
At this point, it is necessary to remember that the Marvel Universe has a compressed time line. Though most of it has been depicted beginning from 1967, in fact, the compression means that working backward from the present (currently early 21st Century, the beginning of the modern Marvel Universe, Fantastic Four #1, takes place in the early 2000’s and not 1961. However, characters tied into fixed events, such as the Cold War or World War II, require explanations to orient the reader into how they can exist in the endless present of the Marvel Universe. For instance, Captain America, fell into suspension animation towards the end of WWII until he awoke in Avengers #4. But the Black Widow, a WWII child survivor, had no ready reference for her youth. How could this be?
Some real word history is called for at this point. During the Russian Civil War, the ruling monarchy was killed.
Several women claimed to be the surviving Anastasia, but none were accepted as such in their lifetimes and have since been disproven upon the discovery of the real Anastasia’s grave and subsequent DNA testing.
However, we are talking about the Marvel Universe, which can diverge from ours in subtle ways. Anastasia was born in 1901. Natasha Romanoff would have been born in the mid-to-late 1930’s. It is possible she could be the daughter of Anastasia, if her mother had survived and stayed in Stalingrad and married a man named Alian Romanoff. This seems unlikely to me as the Secret Police would never have countenanced the existence of a Royal Heir surviving or furthering the line. The real Anastasia and her family were executed to prevent any threat to the dominance of the Communist Party’s control on the new government. Moreover, none of the women who claimed to be Anastasia did so within the USSR, but safely in foreign countries far away. It’s therefore very unlikely the real Anastasia could have lived in open sight in Stalingrad until World War II.
So how could Chris Claremont have reasoned this?
Natasha survived the destruction of her own home during the Battle of Stalingrad which took place from August 23, 1942 to February, 2 1943. We know this because she told this to Viper in Marvel Team-Up #85.
She could only safely exist in her homeland if all the ruling Romanoffs were believed dead. But, what if there was a heretofore unknown infant born just before the February Revolution? Conceived and born in secret because of the impeding revolution, this boy would have been the last hope for Nicholas II to continue the Romanoff house and restore the monarchy. He could not remain in St. Petersburg, but was removed by a trusted retainer to the city of Stalingrad, where he could be raised in safety. Nicholas II gives his lastborn son Alian Romanoff to his trusted retainer, Ivan Petrovitch. Petrovitch raises the young Alian in a house purchased with what would be his family inheritance and there, Alian would grow to manhood, being trained by Ivan and study, waiting for the opportunity to regain the throne. Alian marries and the union produces Natasha, who is naturally athletic. As World War II commences, Alian and his wife allow Natasha to train in ballet. Her ballet performances expose the child’s prowess to the local martial arts community, resulting in her abduction by the Hand. Unwilling to alert the Russian authorities, Ivan is enlisted to undertake the mission to save Natasha. Alian’s wealth has allowed him to make contacts with foreign governments such as the USA, who are very interested when the heir to Russia’s throne asks for help and send their top asset, Steve Rogers as Captain America to Madripoor to meet Ivan, thus setting the stage for a young Steve Rogers to meet Logan and rescue Natasha.
In 1990, it had been many years since Black Widow’s WWII history had been referenced and many political changes had befallen the relationship with East and West since. It was a shock to see it thoroughly and somewhat definitely referenced. The floating timeline of the Marvel Universe wherein all present day issues took place in a past circa some eight to nine years since Fantastic Four #1 meant that the Black Widow’s childhood, fixed in WWII made her older than her apparent age. While her present day adventures could be compressed, her past expanded as her meeting Wolverine and Captain America, and presence at the battle of Stalingrad locked her origins much the same way as Captain America and the Sub-Mariner’s were. Steve Rogers was in a state of suspended animation until Avengers #4, Namor is a hybrid with an enhanced lifespan. How does the Black Widow, a human peak athlete remain so?
The answer, I posit, lies in Claremont’s Spider-Woman #42, “The Judas Man.”
Michael Kramer has disappeared and daughter Pamela hires Jessica Drew, aka Spider-Woman to find him. Michael is on the run from Viper and Silver Samurai. Viper has gotten the catalyst for a virus that’s 99% fatal to all human beings. In 1944, Kramer and his fellow American servicemen went down behind enemy lines, only to end up implanted with the deadly virus by the Red Skull. The virus, dubbed the Judas Plague, required genetic modification to create immune plague carriers for distribution of the agent. The antidote for the plague is generated via human reproduction by the “Judas Men”: their children will be born with the mutated matrix that will provide the antidote. However, Captain America and Nick Fury and the Howling Commandoes destroyed the lab and all the research…
In 1945, we know victorious Russian forces in Germany took resources and assets from the conquered country as reparations for the War. As part of this process, it is likely the Russians would have been instructed to collect any scientific research or seize sites of laboratories. Although Fury and Captain America reported the Judas Plague research destroyed, the report was obviously not entirely accurate, given Michael Kramer’s status and the catalyst’s destruction given Viper’s later obtaining of it?
Jessica Drew recounts in Spider-Woman #43 that the Judas Plague was “required reading” for all Hydra agents.
But what were the Russians doing with it for so long?
By the late 40’s, early 50’s, Natasha Romanoff would have been identified as a prime candidate for espionage. Instead Natasha was allowed to be a ballerina…
The aptitude for martial arts that the Hand had seen in 1941 would have been manifest and she would have been trained in those arts and spy craft to serve the USSR. As a Hand candidate for Master Assassin, she would have been top in her class and a prime asset.
This did not happen because of his apparent death after Avengers #44 and the length of his experiment, which displayed considerable flaws such as his psychological volatility and his willingness to die to save the embodiment of Soviet Russia’s arch-rival.
I would further posit, therefore, that the Soviet government could not allow either Natasha or Alexei such unchecked influence. Thus, both of them married and were subsequently separated for training alone. The KGB by this time would have found the surviving German scientists of the Judas Plague experiment site. Natasha was then subjected to a KGB-run Judas Plague experiment as the agency’s scientists would have deemed her likely to survive and then used as a spy. Natasha would assume the code name of the project, “Black Widow,” although she would be likely be unaware of the actual project or her status as a vector of a plague that could virtually depopulate the planet. At the time that Alexei completed his training, Natasha would have been reunited with him.
And with that reunion, Alexei would be exposed to the plague, it likely being a sexually transmitted disease, and thereafter he could be deployed in the field with full confidence, either under Natasha’s influence as a loyal wife and operative or blackmailed with his life should he turn against the motherland. He would serve as public relations at home and at the forefront in the Rodina’s military defense.
However, it obviously took much longer for Alexei to complete his “training.” The Marvel compressed timeline meant that when Natasha was told Alexei was “dead” in the flashback in Avengers #44…
…she spent decades believing he was dead. During this time, the Red Guardian project crawled on. Obviously inspired by the West’s Super Soldier Project, the Soviets’ process was flawed, with Alexei being endowed with superior strength, but a volatile psyche. These setbacks might have required lengthy periods of mental conditioning, revealing the Super Soldier longevity effect. Being the first operational asset, any other subjects of the project were likely driven insane if they survived the physical and psychological trauma of the incomplete chemical and radiological procedure. Alexei’s personality was so altered, Natasha perceived little of the man she loved. It’s likely he was brainwashed repeatedly in an effort to restore his sanity and bring him to operational readiness. By the time he was, Natasha’s Judas Plague infection, like Michael Kramer’s, would have been found inert. Well before then, she would have noticed her own longevity via the Judas Plague process and found out about what happened to her. She would have been about 40 some years old and although youthful, she would have also realized she was infertile from the Judas Plague treatment (designed for men, I have to assume it wouldn’t be good for a woman’s reproductive ability). This would have been another factor leading to her eventual defection to the West.
Without either Natasha or the Judas Plague, the Red Guardian project would have needed another control, but it’s likely at this point the break-up of the USSR would have loosened the paranoia and the need for a counterpart to Captain America. At any rate, the Red Guardian went into the field with an unstable mentality and apparently died, leaving Natasha an indefinitely young widow. Considering Alexei’s mental instability, his mission would have been selected to cause the most damage and result in his death. Ironically, he died a hero, saving his wife and Captain America, somewhere in Southeast Asia.
When Natasha defected and her infection was inert, the catalyst would have been of no use and the Russians would have been either glad to sell it, or warehouse it. Through either of those opportunities, Hydra and Viper could have acquired it, not knowing that the lifespan of the active virus in Michael Kramer had already expired. After Viper stole the project from Hydra, she acquired Michael Kramer before the virus’s efficacy was verified. By the time Spider-Woman freed Kramer, Viper’s scientists had determined his infection was inert as well. The project was a failure and was subsequently abandoned, leaving two survivors, Michael Kramer and the Black Widow, forever changed.
Among her friends, such as Ivan and Logan, Natasha is called Princess or Tsarina. It seems like a nickname to those who overhear, but in truth, she is the last surviving member of the Romanoffs and the rightful heir to the long deposed Russian Monarchy. She will never claim that crown, because her calling is a higher one. She claims the titles of S.H.I.E.L.D agent, Avenger, and most importantly the Black Widow as a remembrance of the insidious exploitation of female agents by the Rodina through projects like the one that created her.
Filed under: Claremont's X-Men, Guest Posts, Marvel's Avengers | Tagged: Alexei Shostakov, Anastasia, Avengers, Baron Strucker, Battle of Stalingrad, Black Widow, Bolshevik, Brian C. Saunders, Captain America, Chris Claremont, Cold War, Crimson Dynamo, Daredevil, Empress Queen, Genin, Grand Duchess, Hawkeye, Howling Commandos, Hydra, iron man, Ivan Petrovich, Jessica Drew, Jim Lee, Jonin, Jubilee, Judas Man, Logan, Madame Hydra, Madripoor, Matt Murdock, Michael Kramer, Natalia Alianovna Romanov, Natasha Romanov, Nazis, Nick Fury, Pamela Kramer, Princess, Psylocke, Rasputin, Red Guardian, Red Room, Red Skull, Romanoff, Russian Civil War, Seraph's Bar, SHIELD, Silver Samurai, Soviet, Spider-Woman, Stalingrad, Super Soldier Project, Sydenham, The Hand, tony stark, Tsarina, Tsurayaba, Uncanny X-Men #268, USSR, Vanko, Viper, Widow Sting, Winter Soldier, Wolverine, World War II | Leave a comment »